Gorse

©Mark Hamblin/2020VISION

Common Gorse

Scientific name: Ulex europaeus
Windy, open moors covered in bright yellow, spiky Common Gorse bushes and purple heathers are synonymous with what we call 'wild' landscapes, but it can be seen in many habitats, from coast to town.

Species information

Statistics

Height: up to 2m

Conservation status

Common.

When to see

January to December

About

Common Gorse can be seen in all kinds of habitats, from heaths and coastal grasslands to towns and gardens. It generally flowers from January to June (although it may flower sporadically throughout the year), while its close relatives - Western Gorse and Dwarf Gorse - flower from July to November. Common Gorse is a large shrub and a member of the pea family.
It provides shelter and food for many insects and birds, such as Dartford Warblers, Stonechats and Yellowhammers.

How to identify

Common Gorse is a large, evergreen shrub, covered in needle-like leaves and distinctive, coconut-perfumed, yellow flowers during the spring and summer. There are three similar species of gorse in the UK: Common Gorse is widespread and flowers form January to June; Western Gorse flowers in late summer and autumn and is mainly found in western UK; Dwarf Gorse flowers later and is mainly found in Southern and Eastern England.

Distribution

Widespread.

Did you know?

Traditionally, Common Gorse was regularly collected from commonland for a number of purposes: it provided fuel for firing bread ovens; was used as fodder for livestock; was bound to make floor and chimney brushes; and was used as a colourant for painting Easter Eggs. However, there were a number of restrictions on its collection; for example, in Oxfordshire, only the amount that could be carried on the back could be cut for fuel.

How people can help

The Wildlife Trusts are working to restore and protect our heathlands by promoting good management, clearing encroaching scrub and implementing beneficial grazing regimes. This work is vital if these habitats are to survive; you can help by supporting your local Wildlife Trust and becoming a member or volunteer.