Cushion star

Cushion star

Cushion star ©Matt Slater

Cushion star

Scientific name: Asterina gibbosa
It's easy to see where this small starfish got its name, it really does look like a little star-shaped cushion. Keep an eye out under rocks next time you're rockpooling for this little beauty.

Species information


Diameter: 5cm Lifespan: 7 years

Conservation status


When to see

January to December


A small, thick starfish with five short arms, the cushion star is found on all western and southern coasts of the UK. For a chance to see these adorable starfish, look under rocks or in crevices in rockpools. Whilst they like to live in rockpools, they also like the occasional deep dive to the seabed! They feed at night but aren’t fussy and will eat whatever they can find. Cushion stars are echinoderms, which means ‘spiny skinned’ and it’s easy to see why, as their body is covered in short orange spines.

How to identify

A small starfish that grows up to 5cm, with 5 (rarely 4 or 6) very short, broad arms. It has a puffy appearance, like a cushion. The dorsal surface is rough with projecting spines. The ventral surface is flat, with the mouth at the centre. Each of the mouth's plates bear two spines. Its colour varies but is most commonly pale orange, brown, green or cream.


Common on all British coasts but sparse in the North-East and not recorded from Lincolnshire around to Hampshire.

Did you know?

All Cushion stars are born male! It is a "protandrous hermaphrodite", meaning that small or young individuals are males but when individuals increase beyond a certain size, they develop into females.

How people can help

When rockpooling, be careful to leave everything as you found it - replace any seaweed you move out of the way, put back any crabs or fish and ensure not to scrape anything off its rocky home. If you want to learn more about our rockpool life, Wildlife Trusts around the UK run rockpool safaris and offer Shoresearch training - teaching you to survey your local rocky shore. The data collected is then used to protect our coasts and seas through better management or through the designation of Marine Protected Areas.

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