Barrel jellyfish

Barrel jellyfish ©marknthomasimages.co.uk

Barrel jellyfish

Scientific name: Rhizostoma pulmo
The largest jellyfish found in UK seas, most people's first encounter with them is when they wash ashore in early summer.

Species information

Statistics

Bell: Up to 90cm across Weight: Up to 35kg

Conservation status

Common

When to see

May to October

About

These large jellyfish swarm in warmer coastal waters in late Spring and often wash up on our beaches in May or June, sometimes in their hundreds. They can grow to the size of dustbin lids - giving them their other common name: dustbin-lid jellyfish! They are attracted inshore by plankton blooms which provide a plentiful supply of food. They have 8 arms, each frilly in appearance. These frills actually contain their small stinging tentacles which surround hundreds of little mouths!

The sting of the barrel jellyfish is not normally harmful to humans, though if you find one on the beach it's best not to handle it as they can still sting when dead.

How to identify

A large translucent jellyfish with a huge mushroom shaped bell and a bunch of 8 frilly tentacles below. They don't have marginal tentacles, but do have a violet fringe around the bell which contains sense organs. They are often found washed up on beaches in May and June.

Distribution

Common off Southern and Western coasts of Britain in summer months.

Did you know?

Barrel jellyfish are the favourite food of leatherback turtles, the world's largest sea turtle.

How people can help

Report your barrel jellyfish sightings to your local Wildlife Trust. The Wildlife Trusts are working with sea users, scientists, politicians and local people towards a vision of 'Living Seas', where marine wildlife thrives. You can do your bit for our marine wildlife by supporting your local Wildlife Trust.

Watch

Matt Slater