Scientific name: Calidris pugnax
The UK hosts a small, but important, breeding population of Ruff. The Ruff is a large sandpiper that is so-called due to the large ruff of feathers around the males' neck. This is used in a showy display to attract a mate.
Average lifespan: 4 years
Classified in the UK as Red under the Birds of Conservation Concern 4: the Red List for Birds (2015). Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981.