Water and wetlands are a vital part of our natural world –animals, plants and people depend on them for their survival. Healthy wetlands and rivers can provide communities with protection from flooding by holding water in the landscape and slowing the flow of water to the sea. They even save us money by naturally filtering the impurities from our drinking water.
Wetlands are also hugely important for wildlife. However, the State of Nature report found that 13% of freshwater and wetland species are threatened with extinction in the UK. In fact, we’ve lost 90% of this incredible habitat in the last 100 years.
The reasons for this dramatic decline include pollution from the surrounding landscape, largely from unsustainable farming and development practices, physical changes to the ecosystem, and the removal of water. Clearly, our wetlands are in trouble!