Water-cress

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

  1. Wildlife
  2. Wildflowers
  3. Water-cress

About

Water-cress is an evergreen aquatic plant that grows in thick drifts in shallow, clear water (especially fast-flowing streams) all around the UK. Traditionally hand-picked from the wild as a useful salad addition, it became popular in the 18th century, and is now cultivated on a commercial scale.

How to identify

Water-cress has green, divided leaves with rounded leaflets, and hollow stems which float on the surface of the water. Small white and green flowers appear in clusters from May to October.

Where to find it

Grows in most parts of the UK, but is less in northern parts of Scotland. Cultivated on a wide scale.

Habitats

When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • Novermber
  • December
  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September

How can people help

Human activity, including the drainage of land for agriculture and development, has resulted in the disappearance of many of the UK's wetlands. The Wildlife Trusts are working closely with planners, developers and farmers to ensure our wetlands are protected. You can help too: add native plants and flowers to a wildlife-friendly pond and provide shelter for frogs and nectar for insects. In partnership with the RHS, The Wildlife Trusts' Wild About Gardens initiative can help you plan your wildlife garden.

Species information

Common name
Water-cress
Latin name
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum
Category
Wildflowers
Statistics
Height: up to 60cm
Conservation status
Common.