Mistletoe

Viscum album

  1. Wildlife
  2. Wildflowers
  3. Mistletoe

About

One of our most practised Christmas traditions - kissing under the Mistletoe - comes from Victorian times when a boy could win a kiss from a girl for each Mistletoe berry he picked from his bunch. This game probably originated from a Norse legend in which the goddess Frigga declared Mistletoe a symbol of love. Floating in lifeless trees, growing from thin air… it’s easy to see how people thought Mistletoe was magical. In fact, Mistletoe is a parasite and gets most of its food from its host tree - it especially likes apple, lime, Ash and Hawthorn trees. Mistletoe berries are a favourite of birds such as Blackcaps; they wipe their bills on the tree to help remove the sticky dregs, accidentally spreading the seeds and making it possible for a new plant to take root.

How to identify

Mistletoe is an evergreen but is best seen during the winter months (November to February) when great balls of it hang from the branches bare trees. Look for the familiar, white sticky berries (poisonous to humans) and the branching stems with small, oval leaves.

Where to find it

Largely grows in central and southern England.

Habitats

When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • Novermber
  • December
  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September

How can people help

With the massive decline in traditional orchards over the past 60 years, Mistletoe has become rarer, struggling to find a foothold in its favoured areas. The Wildlife Trusts are working with other organisations on projects to help conserve our orchards and the wildlife they support; for example, many local Trusts look after traditional orchards, or are cultivating orchards, on working farm nature reserves. You can help Mistletoe to spread by growing it in your own garden - extract the seeds and sticky juice from the berries of a cutting and wipe them on a young branch of a suitable tree such as an apple. To find out more about gardening for wildlife visit our Wild About Gardens website.

Species information

Common name
Mistletoe
Latin name
Viscum album
Category
Wildflowers
Statistics
Diameter: up to 1m
Conservation status
Declining.